Authority: Problems for Men Holding Office in the State Part 2

This is part of a series of posts on the doctrine of Authority. Click here to see the entire series.


When a Christian makes the decision to engage in an activity or a profession that requires the swearing of an oath to the biblically legitimate civil authority, the question must be asked if the contents of that sworn oath are “good and just”.  In other words, is the oath that you are swearing consistent with biblical truth or does it put you in the position of swearing an oath to uphold particular items or an entire system that is contrary to the Bible?  In light of the gravity of the situation it would make sense to consider the teachings of the Constitution of the United States in light of the Word of God, continuing from last week.

3.  Article 1, Section 7 says, “All Bills for raising revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives…”

God says, “For because of this you also pay taxes, for rules are servants of God…” (Romans 13:6)

God says, “Render unto Caesar that which is Caesar’s, and render unto God that which is Gods” (Matthew 22:21)

God says, “Bring the whole tithe into the storehouse…. (Malachi 3:10)

God says, “And he will take a tenth of your seed…he will take a tenth of your flocks…. (the “he” is a reference to the king.) (I Samuel 8: 15-17)

The Word of God is sufficient for all matters of practice.  The Bible contains all that we need to know to order the State.  The Bible clearly says that the State is entitled to ten percent of the income of the subjects of the State.  The Constitution ignores the direct teachings of the Bible and grants the power to tax to the House of Representatives.  Since granting this power to the House they have not failed to use it to extract considerably more than 10% of the income of the subjects of the State.  Furthermore, they have not failed to devise hundreds of ways by which to extract that income.  All statist efforts to raise revenue that go beyond the simple 10% income tax are immoral and contrary to the Bible.

In a strangely ironic twist, many Christians get all bent out of shape about the 16th Amendment to the Constitution in which the income tax was made legal.  They try to argue that the passing of the 16th Amendment was illegal and, therefore, we should not be subject to an income tax.  Whether the ratification of the 16th Amendment was legal or not is not of my concern.  What is of my concern is that the income tax is precisely what the Bible mandates as the means for the State to raise revenue.

4.  Article 1, Section 8 of the US Constitution says this:  “The Congress shall have power to regulate commerce among the several states…”

God says, “NOTHING”.  The Bible does not speak to this because it does not recognize the State as having the right to get involved in the voluntary/contractual business transactions of its subjects.  There is absolutely no biblical basis for the state being involved in the regulation of commerce.  The biblical role of the state with respect to business is to enforce the performance of the terms of voluntary contracts and provide courts to adjudicate disputes and disagreements.  In claiming the right to regulate commerce the federal government is claiming more power than God allows it to have.  This is only the beginning of the claim to deity that the federal government made, and continues to make right up until the present time.

5.  Article 1, Section 8 of the Constitution says:  “The Congress shall have power to establish uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies throughout the United States.”

The Old Testament law contains a complete set of bankruptcy laws.  They are full and complete.  They cover and apply to every situation that can come up, even in our day.  There is no need for additional law on the topic of bankruptcy.

As almost everyone knows, modern bankruptcy law allows people to get away with theft.  The law is designed to reward the profligate and punish businesses.  Simply wiping away legitimate debt by a declaration of the State is nothing more than legalized stealing.  The Constitution is the document that establishes the principle that allows the State to engage in legal theft.

6.  Article 1, Section 8 of the Constitution says:  “The Congress shall have power to coin money, regulate the value thereof,…and fix the standard of weights and measures.”

God says, “You shall have just balances, just weights…” (Leviticus 19:36)

With respect to the coining of money God says, “NOTHING”.  This is another one of those areas where the Constitution empowers the federal government to go much further than biblical law would allow.  Money is created in the free market by the subjects of the State.  The state should have nothing to do with money except to enforce just weights and balances.  The state should certainly not be in the business of creating money.

However, since the constitutional creation of the Federal Reserve Board the federal government has done nothing but devalue the existing currency.  Perpetual devaluation of currency by means of the engine of monetary inflation is nothing more than legalized thievery.  If an individual citizen engaged in the same activities as the Federal Reserve, he would be arrested for counterfeiting (not maintaining a just weight).  But when the federal government, with the complete authority of the Constitution, decides to devalue the money supply, it is considered to be a positive activity!

Once again Christians get it dead wrong on this issue.  Many Christians rightly rail away at the activities of the Federal Reserve Board.  And they should.  But the problem is not with the Fed itself, the problem is with the Constitution that permits the creation of the Fed and that arrogates the power of money coinage to the State.  By going far beyond what God permits in His Word, this becomes another claim to deity by the State.

7.  Article 1, Section 8 of the Constitution says, “The Congress shall have power to establish Post Offices and Post Roads.”

God says, “NOTHING”

Here is yet another example of the State claiming authority that it does not biblically have.  Who gave the Congress the authority to have a monopoly power over mail delivery?  The Constitution does!  What is the biblical basis for that authority?  It does not exist!  The delivery of mail is a voluntary/contractual activity that is in no way related to the representative/covenantal authority of the State.

8.  Article 3, Section 1 says, “The judicial power of the United States shall be vested in one Supreme Court and in such inferior courts and the Congress shall from time to time establish….The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in law and equity, arising under this Constitution…”

It is important to understand what is being asserted by the Constitution at this point.  Besides ignoring the fact that God claims to be the supreme judicial power of the land and the fact that God requires that His law be used in adjudicating disputes, there is something equally destructive taking place.  By claiming that the “judicial power shall extend to all cases” the Constitution is making the claim that all transgressions of the law are violations primarily against the State, with the victim taking a secondary position.  As a result, all criminal activities are described as “So and So vs. the State”.  The State is always seen as the victim of the criminal activity and the real victim, if he is still alive, is at the whim of the state with respect to prosecution and justice.

God claims that all criminal activity (sins) are ultimately against Him and He designates the victim as the person who is responsible to decide whether or not to prosecute.  God’s Word has no sense of the District Attorney being responsible to decided whether to prosecute a case or not.  The responsibility for prosecution always falls into the lap of the victim.  In claiming that the State is the victim and in arrogating the right of prosecution to itself, the State once again makes a claim to deity.  The Constitutional system will have no tolerance for a competing religious system like the Word of God.

9.  Article 3, Section 2 says, “The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall be by jury…”

There is no biblical basis for even the concept of trail by jury.  All disputes under biblical law are conducted by the disputing parties in the presence of a judge who is well versed in biblical law.  This is an inevitable corruption given the fundamental presupposition that all power and authority are vested in the People.  I trust that I do not need to give a litany of examples that illustrate the miserable failure of the trial by jury system!  No Christian should ever serve on a jury.  The individual believer does not have the representative authority required to render a judicial decision.  Judicial decisions are the duty of God’s ordained representatives as they are the people that God has delegated His authority to.

10.  Article 6 of the Constitution of the US says, “This Constitution and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof…shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every state shall be bound thereby…shall be bound by oath or affirmation to support this Constitution…but no religious test shall ever be required as a qualification to any office or any public trust under the United States.”

This is the last statement in the Constitution before the statement with respect to ratification of the document.  It is fascinating that the final statement is that no “religious test” shall be required for a person to be a part of the Constitutional system.  This is a clear example of Rushdoony’s “intolerance”.

In the colonial period of US history almost all local governments required a religious test to hold office.  Almost all local governments recognized biblical law as the law of their region.  This practice continued into most of the state government documents as well.  If those who wanted to establish a federal government had continued the pattern of their predecessors they would have also followed biblical law and required a religious test for all participants.  The US Constitution was a self-conscious repudiation of what had gone before.  Effective with the ratification of this document the clear message was being sent that tolerance for the Christian religion would no longer be a part of the federal government. History since the ratification of the US Constitution has been resplendent with examples of this principle working itself out and the federal government coming to dominate modern life in the United States.

Most importantly, note that these closing statements require the swearing of an oath to uphold the document.  I have only pointed out ten items where there appear to be major contradictions between the teachings of the Constitution and the teachings of the Bible.  Many more examples are found in the Bill of Rights and the other Amendments.   What is important to a Christian is this:  How can I swear an oath to uphold the US Constitution in light of the multiple examples of its being in direct contradiction to the Word and will of God?

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